This is such a big question, but in truth there is a lot you can do improve the quality of either eggs or sperm! It takes 3 months for follicles to mature into eggs, and also the same time for sperm to develop ready for ejaculation. So it stands to reason that you want to give yourself at least a few months before you start seriously trying to fall pregnant to take care of things on your end!
Discovery Health did a recent documentary on men drinking a mix of fruit and veg smoothies twice a day for a few months, and the quality of their sperm increased dramatically. These men were chosen as they were not successfully creating a pregnancy with their partner, and this was because their sperm was not up to scratch. So even making that simple change can make the world of difference. Often individuals, women and men included are not getting enough minerals and nutrients through their diet, so this is a great place to start looking at how you can influence the outcome of fertility issues.
Minerals are also really important, so nuts like Brazil nuts are great because of zinc and selenium for men to produce healthy sperm. Men, and women, need folic acid, so choose lot of green leafy vegetables to put into your smoothies, or juicing. (if you’re juicing, which incidentally I love, make sure you are taking in enough fibre during the day, as juicing would not be enough) Make sure you are mixing vegies and fruit as you want a really good mix of nutrients. By the way asparagus has lots of folic acid!
I am by no means an expert but from my own experience and from all the reading and research I do, this seems to be a great platform to start from.
To add to the mix, do a little exercise too. Don’t go crazy, and don’t do it in fits and starts – if you do that, it can potentially do more damage than good. Fit regular exercise into your routine that gets the blood circulating. Like walking or swimming. For women, hard exercise is going to detract from the fertility process, so make sure you are moving but make it gentle.
Let me know how you get on! Ultimately what this says to me, is rthat we really need to take good care of ourselves first! Nature’s way of preparing us for taking good care of the little ones we will bring into this world! And that we are able to do something before we resort to other methods and extremes. Good luck!